y

See also: y', у, , and Variations of "y"

y - Translingual

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

Symbol

y

  1. (metrology) Symbol for the prefix yocto-.
  2. (IPA) close front rounded vowel
  3. (IPA, superscript) [y]-coloring, a [y] offglide, or a weak, fleeting or epenthetic [y] – see also ʸ.
  4. Denoting an item that is twenty-fifth in a list.
  • Letter styles
  • Uppercase and lowercase versions of Y, in normal and italic type
  • Uppercase and lowercase Y in Fraktur

y - English

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /ˈwaɪ/
  • (phoneme): IPA: /i/, /ɪ/, /aɪ/, /ə/, /j/
  • Homophones: why, Wye, wye

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y, plural ys or y's)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the English alphabet, called wy or wye and written in the Latin script.

Noun

y

  1. Abbreviation of year.
  2. (UK, television) Abbreviation of youth, usually followed by an age appropriate for the content so marked.
    • Y7
  3. (computing) Abbreviation of yes.

Derived terms

Adverb

y (not comparable)

  1. (slang, text messaging, Internet slang, stenoscript) Abbreviation of why.

y - Aragonese

Conjunction

y

  1. and

y - Asturian

Conjunction

y

  1. and

Pronoun

y (y (or -y), plural ys/yos or -ys/-yos)

  1. Pronoun for the third-person singular indirect object.
    • da-y pan
      • give him/her bread

Usage notes

  • Usually seen as -y

y - Azerbaijani

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA: /j/

Letter

y lower case (upper case Y)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

y - Basque

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /i ɡreko/, [i ɣ̞re̞.ko̞]

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Basque alphabet, called i greko and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.

y - Catalan

Conjunction

y

  1. Obsolete form of i (and).

y - Cornish

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /iː/

Pronoun

y

  1. (Standard Cornish) they (third person plural pronoun)
  2. (Standard Cornish, Standard Written Form) his

y - Dutch

Alternative forms

  • ij (in some words)

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /ɛɪ/, /iˈɡrɛk/, /ˌɣrik.sə ˈɛɪ/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

Usage notes

In certain dialects the letter is pronounced similar to IPA: /ji:/. In these dialects, they will actually write "y" such as in "jy" (IPA: /ji:/) instead of modern standard Dutch jij (IPA: /jɛɪ/).

y - Fala

Conjunction

y

  1. Alternative form of i

y - Faroese

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /iː/
  • Homophone: i

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

y - Finnish

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called yy and written in the Latin script.

y - French

Pronunciation

  • (letter name) IPA: /i.ɡʁɛk/

Letter

y

  1. a letter in the French alphabet, after x and before z

Pronunciation

Pronoun

y (adverbial)

  1. there (at a place)
    • Il est dans la maison. Il y est.
      • He is in the house. He is there.
  2. there, thither (to there)
    • Nous allons au Mexique. Nous y allons.
      • We are going to Mexico. We are going there.
  3. Used as a pronoun to replace an adverbial phrase starting with à.
    • Je pense à mon pays. J'y pense.
      • I think about my country. I think about it.
    1. With verbs: see French verbs followed by à for verbs which use this structure.
    2. (archaic) With adjectives. Only used with a handful of adjectives (the most common combination being y compris, which is a special case), mainly in legal terminology.
      • personnes y nomméesPersons named there(in)
      • procédures y afférentesRelated procedures
      • documents y relatifsRelated documents
      • eaux y affluentesTributary waters

Derived terms

Number Person Gender Nominative (subject) Accusative (direct complement) Dative (indirect complement) Locative (at) Genitive (of) Disjunctive (tonic)
SingularFirst je, j’ me, m’ moi
Second tu te, t’ toi
ThirdMasculine il le, l’ lui y en lui
Feminine elle la, l’ elle
Indeterminate on1
Reflexive se, s’4 soi4
PluralFirst nous nous nous
Second vous2 vous2,3 vous2
ThirdMasculine ils3 les leur y en eux3
Feminine elles elles
  • 1 Also used as the first person plural.
  • 2 Also used as the polite singular form.
  • 3 Also used when a group has both men and women.
  • 4 Also used as third person plural reflexive.

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /i/

Pronoun

y

  1. (Quebec, France, colloquial) he: alternative form of il
  2. (Quebec, France, colloquial) they: alternative form of ils
  3. (Quebec, colloquial) they: alternative form of elles

y - Fula

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /j/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

y - German

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA: /yː/, /y/, /ʏ/, /i/, /ɪ/, /j/
  • (letter name) IPA: /ˈʏpsilɔn/

Letter

y n (strong, genitive y, plural y)

  1. the letter y

y - Guaraní

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ɨ/

Noun

y

  1. water

Derived terms

y - Haitian Creole

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /j/

Pronoun

y

  1. Contraction of yo.

y - Hungarian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA: [ˈi]
  • (letter name): IPA: [ˈipsilon]

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. A letter of the extended Hungarian alphabet, called ipszilon and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

As shown in the alphabet below, this letter normally occurs in Hungarian words only as part of four digraphs: gylyny, and ty (with their long counterparts: ggy, lly, nny, tty). Aside from them, the terms containing y defined in an extensive Hungarian monolingual dictionary are baby-doll, baby-sitter, body (bodice), body-building / bodyzik / bodyzó, boy, brandy, citoyen, country​/​countryzene, cowboy​/​cowboyfilm​/​cowboykalap, curry, disc-jockey, doyen, dry, dyn, fair play, háryjános​/​háryjánoskodik, intercity, joystick, play back, playboy, royalista, sherry, spray, whisky, yard, yperit, yuppie, złoty and the letter itself. Additionally, a newer and more comprehensive but as yet incomplete dictionary contains bicsérdysta, byte, copyright, and cowboycsizma. (The forms dandy, gentry, happy end (happy ending), jersey, maya, nylon, and yen are also mentioned as alternative forms in the former volume, but their current standard spelling is dendi, dzsentri, dzsörzé, hepiend, jen, maja, and nejlon.)

Proper names written with y include the country names Guyana, Paraguay, Seychelle-szigetek, and Uruguay and the capital names Conakry, Port Moresby, and Reykjavík. Other names deriving from Latin alphabets are also retained (such as English Calgary, Hollywood, Kentucky, Montgomery, New Jersey, New York, Sydney, Wyoming etc., German Bayreuth, Speyer, Steyr, French Lyon, Mayotte, Nancy, Vichy, and Polish Białystok, Bydgoszcz, Przemyśl). Otherwise, this letter is usually transcribed in country and city names, for example Jemen (Yemen), Malajzia (Malaysia), Nepjida (Naypyidaw), and Rijád (Riyadh).

Declension

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
Possessive forms of y

Derived terms

  • y-nyi
  • y-odik
  • y-os

y - Ido

Pronunciation

  • (context pronunciation) IPA: /j/
  • (letter name) IPA: /je/

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

y - Indonesian

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /je/
  • (phoneme) IPA: /j/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

y - Italian

Letter

y f or m (invariable, lower case, upper case Y)

  1. the twenty-fifth letter of the Latin alphabet, called ipsilon, i greco or i greca in Italian

Usage notes

  • The letter Y is not considered part of the Italian alphabet. It is found mainly in loanwords.

y - Kabuverdianu

Conjunction

y

  1. and

y - Kamayurá

Noun

y

  1. Alternative form of

y - Khumi Chin

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ʔɘ˥/

Particle

y

  1. no

y - Ladin

Conjunction

y

  1. and

y - Latgalian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA: /ɨ/

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Latgalian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

y - Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA: /yː/, [yː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA: /i/, [iː]

Noun

ȳ f (indeclinable)

  1. A name of the letter Y.

Synonyms

Coordinate terms

y - Lithuanian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA: /iː/

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Lithuanian alphabet, called i ilgoji and written in the Latin script.

y - Malay

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

y - Mandinka

Pronoun

y

  1. they, them (personal pronoun)

y - Manx

Article

y

  1. Alternative form of yn

y - Mbyá Guaraní

Noun

y

  1. water

y - Middle English

Pronoun

y

  1. Alternative form of I

Preposition

y

  1. Alternative form of in (in)

y - Middle French

Adverb

y

  1. there (in a given place)

y - Norwegian

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /yː/
  • (phoneme): IPA: /yː/, /y/

Letter

y

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Perhaps the most troublesome sound in Norwegian. Even some native speakers tend to merge it into /i(ː)/.

y - Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

y m (definite singular yen, indefinite plural yar, definite plural yane)

  1. (obsolete) yew

Verb

y (present tense yr, past tense ydde, past participle ytt/ydd, passive infinitive yast, present participle yande, imperative y)

  1. to crawl (about small animals)

y - Nupe

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA: /j/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

y - Old Polish

Alternative forms

Conjunction

y

  1. and (cumulative coordinating conjunction)

Descendants

  • Polish: i

y - Old Tupi

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ˈʔɨ/

Noun

y

  1. water
  2. river

y - Papiamentu

Alternative forms

  • i (alternative spelling)

Conjunction

y

  1. and

y - Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ɨ/

Letter

y (upper case Y, lower case)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Polish alphabet, called y or igrek and written in the Latin script.

y - Portuguese

Pronunciation

Letter name: (ípsilon)

  • (Brazil) IPA: /ˈip.si.lõ/

Letter name: (i grego)

 
  • (Brazil) IPA: /ˈi ˈɡɾe.ɡu/
  • (Portugal) IPA: /ˈi ˈɡɾe.ɡu/ [ˈi ˈɣɾe.ɣu]

Phoneme:

  • IPA: /i/, /j/ (loanwords)

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

y - Quechua

Adverb

y

  1. really, truly

y - Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /j/, /i/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called igrec or i grec and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.

y - Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA: (phoneme) /ʝ/, /i/
 
  • IPA: (letter name) /ˈʝe/ [ˈɟ͡ʝe]
  • /i/ in the conjunction (see below) and in word-final diphthongs (e.g. hoy, rey); otherwise /ʝ/.

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Spanish alphabet, called ye or i griega and written in the Latin script.

Alternative forms

  • e
  • i (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • IPA: (prevocalic) /ʝ/

Conjunction

y

  1. and
  2. (in names of number) and
    • setenta y seisseventy-six
  3. (in arithmetic) plus, and
    • uno y uno son dosone plus one is two
  4. (informal) well
    • ¡Y por supuesto!Well, of course!
  5. (informal) what about, how about, where is/are the
    • Pero, ¿y el concierto? ¿Ya no vamos?But what about the concert? Are we not going anymore?
    • ¿Y la niña? ¿Está a salvo?How about the girl? Is she safe?
    • ¿Y los archivos? Debo echarles un vistazo.Where are the files? I should take a look at them.

Usage notes

  • Before words that begin with the /i/ sound, the form e is used instead.

Derived terms

y - Tày

Pronunciation

  • (Thạch An – Tràng Định) IPA: [ʔi˧˧]
  • (Trùng Khánh) IPA: [ʔi˦˥]

Verb

y

  1. to imitate, to mimic

Preposition

y

  1. along
    • y te hếtdo like he/she does (literally do along him/her)
    • Đăm nà y thỏi cáu
      • Follow the old customs when planting rice (literally Plant rice like the previous rows)
  2. according to
    • y cằm po̱ me̱according to the parents' words

y - Turkish

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ye and written in the Latin script.

y - Turkmen

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA: /ɯ/, /ɯː/

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called y and written in the Latin script.

y - Vietnamese

Pronunciation

Pronoun

y

  1. (archaic, literary) he; him; she; her
  2. (derogatory) he, him

Adverb

y

  1. (informal) exactly; precisely (like)
    • y nhưexactly like/as
    • y như thậtso realistic (literally, “exactly like real life”)
    • y changvery much like

Derived terms

Derived terms

Noun

y

  1. (medicine) medicine; physician

Derived terms

y - Wayampi

Noun

y

  1. Alternative form of ɨɨ (water)
    • ay'ú.I drink water.

y - Welsh

Alternative forms

  • (with grave accent to indicate otherwise unpredictable short vowel /ə/):
  • (with acute accent to indicate unusually stressed short vowel): ý
  • (with circumflex to indicate otherwise unpredictable or unusually stressed long vowel): ŷ
  • (with diaeresis to indicate disyllabicity): ÿ

Pronunciation

  • (standard) IPA: /ə/
    • (informal) IPA: /əː/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called y and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by w.

Mutation

  • y cannot be mutated but, being a vowel, does take h-prothesis, for example with the word ysgol (school; ladder):
Welsh mutation
radicalsoftnasalh-prothesis
ysgol unchanged unchanged hysgol
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Derived terms

  • Digraph sequences: yw

Noun

y f (plural yau)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter Y.

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radicalsoftnasalh-prothesis
y unchanged unchanged hy
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Alternative forms

  • 'r (used after vowels)
  • yr (used before vowels and h)

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ə/

Article

y (definite) (triggers soft mutation of a feminine singular noun, except ll and rh remain unmutated)

  1. the

Alternative forms

  • yr (used before vowels and h)

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ə/

Particle

y

  1. (literary) that (preverbal particle used to mark a subordinate clause)
    • Wyt ti'n meddwl y gall hi ddod?
      • Do you think that she can come?
    • Mae hi'n gwybod y byddet ti'n gwrando arni hi.
      • She knows that you would listen to her.
  2. (literary) which, whom (particle used with indirect relative clauses)
    • y dyn y dysgais ei fabthe man whose son I taught
    • y ferch y gwrandewais arnithe girl to whom I listened
  3. (literary) preverbal particle used to mark an affirmative verb in a main clause

Usage notes

  • y is almost always omitted in colloquial speech.
  • y is used to mean 'that' (i.e. mark a subordinate clause) when the subordinate clause begins with an affirmative form of bod not in the present tense, or another affirmative verb in any tense apart from the preterite.
  • a
  • bod
  • mai (with fronted element, marked for emphasis)
  • i
  • na (negative)

y - Yoruba

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA: /j/
  • (letter name): IPA: /jí/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

y - Zulu

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.
Meaning and Definition of y
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