ton

See also: Variations of "ton"

ton - Translingual

Symbol

ton

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Tongan.

ton - English

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /tʌn/

Noun

ton (plural tons)

  1. Any of various units of mass, (historical) originally notionally equal to the contents of a tun, particularly
    1. The short ton of 2000 pounds (about 907 kg), 20 hundredweights of 100 pounds avoirdupois each.
    2. The long ton of 2240 pounds (about 1016 kg), 20 hundredweights of 112 pounds avoirdupois each.
    3. The metric ton of 1000 kilograms, 10 quintals of 100 kilograms each.
  2. Any of various units of volume, (historical) originally notionally equal to the contents of a tun, particularly
    1. The measurement ton of (US) 40 or (UK) 42 cubic feet (about 1.1 or 1.2 ).
    2. The register ton of 100 cubic feet (about 2.83 ).
  3. (figuratively) Any large, excessive, or overwhelming amount of anything.
    • I’ve got a ton of work to do.
    • I've got tons of work to do.
  4. (HVAC) A unit of thermal power equal to 12,000 BTU/h (about 3.5 kW), approximating the idealized rate of cooling provided by uniform isothermal melting of 1 short ton of ice per day at 0°C.
  5. (slang, chiefly UK) Synonym of hundred, particularly
    1. 100 pounds sterling.
    2. (darts, snooker, etc.) 100 points.
    3. (cricket) 100 runs.
    4. A speed of 100 mph.

Synonyms

  • (traditional unit of mass equivalent to a tun): tonelada (Spanish and Portuguese contexts)
  • (any hyperbolically or oppressively large amount): See lot
  • (slang for 100 points in darts &c.): tonne
  • (slang for 100 cricket runs): century

Derived terms

Descendants

Translations

  • Albanian: ton (sq) m
  • Arabic: طُن m (ṭun) ((plural:) أَطْنَان m pl (ʔaṭnān))
  • Armenian: տոննա (hy) (tonna)
  • Azerbaijani: ton (az)
  • Belarusian: то́на f (tóna)
  • Bengali: টন (bn) (ṭon)
  • Bulgarian: тон (bg) m (ton)
  • Burmese: တန် (my) (tan)
  • Chinese:
  • Czech: tuna (cs) f
  • Danish: ton (da) n or c
  • Dutch: ton (nl)
  • Esperanto: tuno
  • Estonian: tonn (et)
  • Faroese: tons n
  • Finnish: tonni (fi)
  • French: tonne (fr) f
  • Georgian: ტონა (ṭona)
  • German: Tonne (de) f
  • Greek: τόνος (el) m (tónos)
  • Hebrew: טוֹן (he) m (ton)
  • Hindi: टन (hi) m (ṭan)
  • Hungarian: tonna (hu)
  • Icelandic: tonn (is)
  • Ido: tuno (io)
  • Indonesian: ton (id)
  • Italian: tonnellata (it) f
  • Japanese: トン (ja) (ton)
  • Kazakh: тонна (tonna)
  • Khmer: តោន (km) (taon), តូន (km) (toon)
  • Korean:  (ko) (ton)
  • Kyrgyz: тонна (ky) (tonna)
  • Lao: ຕັນ (tan), ໂຕນ (tōn)
  • Latvian: tonna f
  • Lithuanian: tona (lt) f
  • Lü: ᦎᧃ (ṫan), ᦎᦷᧃ (ṫon)
  • Macedonian: тон m (ton)
  • Malay: tan
  • Mongolian: тонн (mn) (tonn)
  • Norman: tonné f
  • Northern Thai: ᨲᩢ᩠ᨶ, ᨲᩰᩫ᩠ᨶ
  • Norwegian:
  • Persian: تن (fa) (ton)
  • Polish: tona (pl) f
  • Portuguese: tonelada (pt) f
  • Romanian: tonă (ro) f
  • Russian: то́нна (ru) f (tónna)
  • Serbo-Croatian:
  • Sinhalese: ටොන් (ṭon)
  • Slovak: tona f
  • Slovene: ton (sl) m
  • Spanish: tonelada (es) f
  • Swahili: tani
  • Swedish: ton (sv)
  • Tagalog: tonelada
  • Tajik: тонна (tonna)
  • Tatar: тонн (tonn), тонна (tonna)
  • Thai: ตัน (th) (dtan), โตน (dtoon)
  • Turkish: ton (tr)
  • Turkmen: tonna
  • Ukrainian: то́нна (uk) f (tónna)
  • Urdu: ٹن (ur) m (ṭan)
  • Uzbek: tonna (uz)
  • Vietnamese: tấn (vi)
  • Yiddish: טאַן (tan)
  • Yoruba: tọ́ọ̀nù

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA: /tɔ̃/, /tɒn/

Noun

ton (uncountable)

  1. Fashion, the current style, the vogue.
  2. Fashionable society; those in style.

Noun

ton (plural tons)

  1. Synonym of tunny, particularly the common tunny or horse mackerel.

Anagrams

ton - Antillean Creole

Noun

ton

  1. tuna

ton - Catalan

Determiner

ton m (feminine ta, masculine plural tos, feminine plural tes)

  1. your (singular)

Usage notes

The use of ton and the other possessive determiners is mostly archaic in the majority of dialects, with articulated possessive pronouns (e.g. el meu) mostly being used in their stead. However, mon, ton, and son are still widely used before certain nouns referring to family members and some affective nouns, such as amic, casa, and vida. Which nouns actually find use with the possessive determiners depends greatly on the locale.

The standard masculine plural form is tos, but tons can be found in some dialects.

ton - Chuukese

Noun

ton

  1. torch

ton - Crimean Tatar

Noun

ton

  1. fur coat

Derived terms

ton - Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /tʌn/

Noun

ton c or n (singular definite tonnet or tonnen, plural indefinite ton or tons, abbreviation t)

  1. ton (unit of weight)

ton - Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /tɔn/
  • Hyphenation: ton

Noun

ton f (plural tonnen, diminutive tonnetje n)

  1. barrel
  2. ton (1000 kilograms)
  3. 100,000 of some monetary unit, particularly guilders
    • Dat zou zeker een ton kosten.
    • Dat zou zeker een ton euro kosten.
    • 140.000 euro is bijna drie ton gulden
  4. A large amount.
    • Hij leende tonnen met geld. - He borrowed large amounts of money.

Derived terms

Descendants

ton - Finnish

Pronoun

ton

  1. (colloquial) genitive singular of toi
  2. (colloquial) accusative singular of toi

Anagrams

ton - French

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /tɔ̃/, (before a vowel) /tɔ̃.n‿/, /tɔ.n‿/
  • (Quebec) IPA: /tõ/, (before a vowel) /tõ.n‿/, /tɔ.n‿/
  • Homophone: thon

Determiner

ton m (feminine ta, plural tes)

  1. (possessive) your
    • Tu as pensé à prendre ton livre ?
      • Did you remember to bring your book?
    • Ton écriture est jolie.
      • Your writing is pretty.
    • J'aime beaucoup ton manteau.
      • I really like your coat.

Usage notes

Ton is used before all singular nouns beginning with a vowel or a mute H, even those that are feminine. However, ta is used with singular feminine nouns beginning with an aspirated H.

Derived terms

Possessee
Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine
Possessor Singular First person mon1mames
Second person ton1tates
Third person son1sases
PluralFirst person notrenos
Second person votre2vos2
Third person leurleurs
  • 1 Also used before feminine adjectives and nouns beginning with a vowel or mute h.
  • 2 Also used as the polite singular form.

Noun

ton m (plural tons)

  1. tone (sound of a particular frequency)
  2. (music) tone (interval)
  3. tone (manner of speaking)
  4. tone, shade (of colour)

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Turkish: ton

Anagrams

ton - Friulian

Noun

ton m (plural tons)

  1. thunder

Noun

ton m (plural tons)

  1. tuna

Noun

ton m (plural tons)

  1. tone

ton - Fula

Alternative forms

  • (Pulaar) to

Adverb

ton

  1. (Pular) there, over there
    • Hammadi Sammba ko leydi Funnaange iwi. Wolarɓe Labe ɓen kadi ko ton iwi.
      • Hammadi Samba came from a region situated in the East. The Wolarɓe of Labe also came from over there.

Usage notes

ton - Haitian Creole

Noun

ton

  1. tuna

ton - Hausa

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /tón/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA: [táŋ]

Noun

tôn m

  1. ton (unit of weight)

ton - Indonesian

Pronunciation

  • IPA: [ˈtɔn]
  • Hyphenation: ton

Noun

ton (first-person possessive tonku, second-person possessive tonmu, third-person possessive tonnya)

  1. ton:
    1. tonne, metric ton: a unit of weight (mass) equal to 1000 kilograms.
    2. register ton, a unit of a ship's capacity equal to 100 cubic feet or 2.83 m3.
    3. long ton, weight ton: the avoirdupois or Imperial ton of 2,240 pounds (1,016.0469 kg).
    4. displacement ton
  2. (colloquial) A thousand rupiah.

Noun

ton (first-person possessive tonku, second-person possessive tonmu, third-person possessive tonnya)

  1. alternative form of tona (tone)

ton - Irish

Noun

ton m (genitive singular toin, nominative plural toin)

  1. (biology, literature, music) tone

Declension

First declension

Bare forms:

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ton toin
Vocative a thoin a thona
Genitive toin ton
Dative ton toin

Forms with the definite article:

Case Singular Plural
Nominative an ton na toin
Genitive an toin na dton
Dative leis an ton

don ton

leis na toin

Derived terms

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ton thon dton
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ton - Japanese

Romanization

ton

  1. Rōmaji transcription of とん

ton - Middle English

Noun

ton

  1. plural of to (toe)

ton - Old French

Alternative forms

  • toun (Anglo-Norman)
  • tun (Anglo-Norman)

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /tun/

Determiner

ton m (feminine ta, plural tes)

  1. your (second-person singular possessive)

Descendants

ton - Old Javanese

Verb

ton

  1. to see; to look

ton - Old Occitan

Noun

ton m (oblique plural tons, nominative singular tons, nominative plural ton)

  1. tuna (fish)

ton - Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /tɔn/
  • Syllabification: ton

Noun

ton m inan

  1. (linguistics, music) tone

Declension

singular plural
nominative ton tony
genitive tonu tonów
dative tonowi tonom
accusative ton tony
instrumental tonem tonami
locative tonie tonach
vocative tonie tony

Derived terms

adjectives
adverbs
nouns
verbs
  • intonować
  • zaintonować

ton - Romanian

Noun

ton m (plural toni)

  1. tuna

Declension

singular plural
indefinite articulation definite articulation indefinite articulation definite articulation
nominative/accusative (un) ton tonul (niște) toni tonii
genitive/dative (unui) ton tonului (unor) toni tonilor
vocative tonule tonilor

Noun

ton n (plural tonuri)

  1. tone

Declension

singular plural
indefinite articulation definite articulation indefinite articulation definite articulation
nominative/accusative (un) ton tonul (niște) tonuri tonurile
genitive/dative (unui) ton tonului (unor) tonuri tonurilor
vocative tonule tonurilor

ton - Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /tôːn/

Noun

tȏn m (Cyrillic spelling то̑н)

  1. tone

Declension

singular plural
nominative tȏn tónovi
genitive tona tonova
dative tonu tonovima
accusative ton tonove
vocative tone tonovi
locative tonu tonovima
instrumental tonom tonovima

ton - Skolt Sami

Pronoun

ton

  1. you (singular)

Inflection

singular dual plural
nominative ton tuäna tij
genitive tuu tuännai tij
accusative tuu tuännaid tiʹjjid
illative tuʹnne tuännaid tiʹjjid
locative tuʹst tuännast tiiʹst
comitative tuin tuännain tiʹjjivuiʹm
abessive tuutää tuännaitää tiʹjjitää
essive tuuʹnen tuännan
partitive tuuʹđed

ton - Spanish

Noun

ton m (uncountable)

  1. acopocic of tono

ton - Swedish

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ˈtɔn/

Noun

ton n

  1. tonne

Declension

Declension of ton 

Derived terms


Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ˈtuːn/

Noun

ton c

  1. tone (sound of a particular frequency)
  2. (music) tone (interval)
  3. tone (behaviour)
    • att hålla god tonto talk politely (e.g. in a debate)
  4. tone, shade (of colour)

Declension

Declension of ton 

Anagrams

ton - Ter Sami

Pronoun

ton

  1. you (singular)

ton - Ternate

Pronunciation

  • IPA: [ˈton]

Noun

ton

  1. Alternative form of toni (flying fish)

ton - Turkish

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ton/

Noun

ton (definite accusative tonu, plural tonlar)

  1. tone (all senses)

Noun

ton (definite accusative tonu, plural tonlar)

  1. tonne, metric ton

Noun

ton (definite accusative tonu, plural tonlar)

  1. tuna
    • Synonym: ton balığı

ton - Volapük

Noun

ton (nominative plural tons)

  1. sound

Declension

singular plural
nominative ton tons
genitive tona tonas
dative tone tones
accusative toni tonis
vocative 1 o ton! o tons!
predicative 2 tonu tonus
  • 1 status as a case is disputed
  • 2 in later, non-classical Volapük only

ton - Welsh

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /tɔn/

Noun

ton f (plural tonnau)

  1. wave, billow

Derived terms

  • dan y don
  • meicrodon
  • ton Fecsicanaidd
  • ton sain
  • ton wres
  • tonfedd
  • tonffurf
  • toniad
  • toniant
  • tonnell
  • tonnog
  • tonnydd
  • tonyddol

Noun

ton m (plural tonnau)

  1. ley, unploughed land

Derived terms

  • tondir

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radicalsoftnasalaspirate
ton don nhon thon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ton - Zuni

Pronoun

ton

  1. Second person dual subject (medial position)
  2. Second person plural subject (medial position)
    • you (three or more)
  • to'na'
  • to'n'aawan
Meaning and Definition of ton
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