orthography - English


  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA: /ɔːˈθɒɡɹəfi/
  • (General American) enPR: ôrthäʹgrəfē, IPA: /ɔɹˈθɑɡɹəfi/
  • Hyphenation: or‧tho‧gra‧phy


orthography (countable and uncountable, plural orthographies)

  1. (countable, architecture) A form of projection used to represent three-dimensional objects in two dimensions, in which all the projection lines are orthogonal or perpendicular to the projection plane; an orthographic projection, especially when used to draw an elevation, vertical projection, etc., of a building; also (obsolete) a drawing made in this way.
  2. (linguistics)
    1. (countable) A method of representing a language or the sounds of language by written symbols; spelling.
    2. (countable, more broadly) A set of conventions for writing a language, including norms of spelling, capitalization, emphasis, hyphenation, punctuation, and word breaks.
    3. (uncountable) The aspect of language study concerned with letters and their sequences in words; the study of spelling.
    4. (uncountable) Correct spelling according to established usage; also (obsolete) pronunciation according to the spelling of a word.
  3. (countable, obsolete) Synonym of orthographer (someone knowledgeable in spelling rules)

Coordinate terms

Derived terms


  • Hebrew: אוֹרְתּוֹגְרַפְיָה f (ortográfia)


orthography (third-person singular simple present orthographies, present participle orthographying, simple past and past participle orthographied)

  1. (transitive, rare, archaic) To spell (words) or write (text) according to established usage.


Meaning and Definition of orthography
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